ژورنال افغانستان


Who lost the controversy between Afghan president and his provincial governor?

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After months of political wrangling between the Afghan president and his powerful provincial governor Atta Mohammad Noor, the two sides finally reached an agreement.

 The most significant events happened in the long-standing standoff are as follow:

 Face to face negotiations between Atta Mohammad Noor and Ashraf Ghani in the Afghan capital, Kabul, and the handing over of  Noor's resignation no specific date, announcement of the failure of the talks, preventing the flight of Atta Mohammad Noor to participate the Kandahar consultative meeting with General Abdul Raziq, Kandahar's police chief, announcement of the approval of  of Noor's resignation and the introduction of a new governor for Balkh, Noor's defiance to leave his position and his refusal to allow the newly appointed governor to land in Balkh province, Arg Presidential Palace's threat to launch a military campaign against the governor and the governor's threat to launch mass protests against the Arg, Noor's accusation of monopolization and tyranny against the Arg, numerous closed-door negotiations between Noor, other prominent figures of Jamiat-e-Islami party and the Arg team, and eventually reaching an agreement, the full details of which are yet to be publicly announced. Only Noor's agreement to leave his position and the introduction of new faces for Balkh governorate and some other positions.

 Meantime, it is difficult to identify the real loser and winner of the dispute between the central government led by Ashraf Ghani and Atta Mohammad Noor,    given the lack of clarity in the negotiations and the agreement the two sides reached.

 However, both parties now claim to have won the rampage. So, in order to know the real winner, you will have to wait.

 But it is already clear that the real loser of the controversy between the Arg and the governor of Balkh, the controversy between the Arg and first-vice president general Dostum, the controversy over electronic ID cards, and of the probable controversy between the Arg and the powerful general of Kandahar southern province, General Abdul Raziq, is nobody else but the people of Afghanistan. 

 The structure of the political system after the Taliban regime was founded based on the participation of all ethnic groups at the Bonn Conference.  But unfortunately, there is no clear and effective mechanism for determining the democratic representation of the people of Afghanistan for a variety of different reasons. For this reason, the participation of ethnic groups in the political system was diminished very quickly, due to the performance of political parties that were concerned for individual interests and of the powerful tribal figures who were struggling for share in the government. 

 Now, after about two decades, even the fixed percentage of the participation of the people in the political system is not observed, and the political and administrative system is operating completely contrary to the commitments made at the Bonn Agreement.

 The conduct of parliamentary, provincial councils and presidential elections was the one and only hope for a positive change, but this too was destroyed due to the widespread and systematic fraud, the lack of a credible census, the misuse of ethnic groups from the ineffective voting mechanism, and eventually democracy in Afghanistan was discredited after fake and staged presidential election were held in the country.

 Interestingly, even such fake election has yet to be held in regard with the parliament (parliamentary election), however, three years have passed since the formation of the national unity government. No special protest in this regard has so far been launched by the people, the international supporters of the new system or the various groups involved in the government.

 Over the past 18 years, we have repeatedly witnessed that political parties and currents by instigating ethnic and linguistic differences provoke the people and misuse their power during political controversies just in order to showoff and change the situation in their favor. After a short time, the opponent parties reach an agreement on the division of interests, political, economic and judicial positions, and eventually reconcile with each other. As a result, the people who rallied in support of one of the parties suddenly realize that they were misused by the parties just in order to secure their personal interests. 

 Therefore, the people of Afghanistan should set specific goals, come together from different racial, regional, and linguistic groups and take steps toward establishing democratic parties and organizations. 

 Of course, the intellectuals and the young generation who lost many golden opportunities that were provided for them after the collapse of the Taliban regime, will play a vital and key role in achieving the predetermined goals.

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